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National suicide prevention strategy for Afghanistan (NSPS) / Bashir Ahmad Sarwari ; orient. Benedetto Saraceno

Main Author Sarwari, Bashir Ahmad Language Português. Country Portugal. Publication Lisboa : Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, 2015 Description XII, 23, 3 p. Dissertation Note or Thesis: Dissertação de Mestrado, Política e Serviços de Saúde Mental, Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Topical name Suicide
Afghan Campaign 2001-
Academic Dissertation
CDU 616 Classification Política e Serviços de Saúde Menta Online Resources Click here to access the eletronic resource List(s) this item appears in: Teses NL
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Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Monografia Biblioteca NMS|FCM
SAR2 TeseM-2015 Presencial/Restrito 20160029NL

Dissertação de Mestrado, Política e Serviços de Saúde Mental, Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Suicide in Afghanistan is a public health priority. Afghanistan is a low-income country, emerging from three decades of conflicts. There is high prevalence of mental distress, mental disorders and substance abuse. There are multiple social issues, such as gender imbalance/violence, poverty, obsolete attitudes and customs, rapid social-cultural changes, human right violations, and especially women and children rights. These risk factors contribute to increase the vulnerability of the population for suicide. The relative high rate of suicide in Afghanistan is especially significant as the rates are low in all Islamic countries. Research studies have shown predominance of suicide in women (95%) and in young age people. There is an urgent need for the country to have a suicide prevention strategy. The strategy has been developed by establishing a multi-sectoral technical/advisory group of different stakeholders from government, NGOs, donor agencies, victim’s families, and interested parties. The strategy is based on the following key values, namely, respect for diversities; sensitiveness to socio-culture-religious and gender issues; promotion of the society dignity and respect for the human rights of people. The six ‘Strategic directions’ are: involving key stakeholders and creating coordinated inter-sectoral collaboration; providing after care for people making a suicide attempt and their families; improving services for people with mental disorders and psycho-social problems; promoting the safe reporting and image of suicidal behaviour by media; reducing access to the means of suicide and gathering information about suicide rates, risk factor, protective factors and effective interventions. The National Suicide Prevention Strategy will be initially implemented for 5 years, with an annual evaluation of the action plan to understand the strengths and limitations. Recommendations and suggestions will be incorporated into the next annual plans for effective intervention. A monitoring framework will measure progress in implementing the strategy.

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