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Prevention of mental and behavioral disorders in HIV-Positive adolescents and youth in Kigali-Rwanda [Dissertação de Mestrado] / Adolphe Majyambere ; orient. Miguel Talina

Main Author Majyambere, Adolphe Secondary Author Talina, Miguel Language Inglês. Country Portugal. Publication Lisboa : NOVA Medical School, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2017 Description 52 p. ; 30 cm Dissertation Note or Thesis: Dissertação de Mestrado
Política e Serviços de Saúde Mental
2017
Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Abstract Several studies showed that HIV-positive youth and adolescents constitute a high-risk group for mental and behavioral disorders worldwide. For young people and adolescents, it is obvious is that mental and behavioral disorders are potentially preventable when properly and timely done. A naturalistic cross sectional, descriptive study was done in Kigali general hospitals. The main objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of mental and behavioral disorders primary prevention for HIV-positive adolescents and young adults through HIV/AIDS services. In total, 112 adolescents and young adults aged between 14 and 25 were interviewed, 58.9% were males while 41.1% were females. Six health care providers and two policy makers were also interviewed. Results from the study shows that among the needs of adolescents and young adults for prevention of mental behavioral disorders, there are; 1) communication and HIV status disclosure properly done to the children and adolescents; HIV disclosure counseling was qualified by all participants as an important component to prevent later mental and behavioral disorders. 2) The majority (66.9 %) of the participants were being followed up in by HIV care and treatment for more than 6 years including 15.2 % who have been enrolled for more than 15 years, continuous medical and psychosocial care were qualified as important element for prevention of mental and behavior disorders. Lack of clear policy and guidelines, lack of trained and specialized staff, limited social support and insufficient skills for family members to support affected youth and adolescents are key identified weakness and threats. Finally, we come up with a model named: “Model for prevention of mental and behavioral disorders among the adolescents and youth infected by HIV”. The model proposes interventions at three levels; 1) policy and guiding documents, 2) clinical practices and 3) family and community involvement Topical name Mental Health
Adolescent
Young Adult
Prevention
HIV
Academic Dissertation
Rwanda
CDU 616 Classification Política e Serviços de Saúde Menta Online Resources Click here to access the eletronic resource http://hdl.handle.net/10362/22035 List(s) this item appears in: Teses NL
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Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Monografia Biblioteca NMS|FCM
MAJ1 TeseM-2017 Presencial/Restrito 20170139NL

Dissertação de Mestrado Política e Serviços de Saúde Mental 2017 Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa

Several studies showed that HIV-positive youth and adolescents constitute a high-risk group for mental and behavioral disorders worldwide. For young people and adolescents, it is obvious is that mental and behavioral disorders are potentially preventable when properly and timely done. A naturalistic cross sectional, descriptive study was done in Kigali general hospitals. The main objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of mental and behavioral disorders primary prevention for HIV-positive adolescents and young adults through HIV/AIDS services. In total, 112 adolescents and young adults aged between 14 and 25 were interviewed, 58.9% were males while 41.1% were females. Six health care providers and two policy makers were also interviewed. Results from the study shows that among the needs of adolescents and young adults for prevention of mental behavioral disorders, there are; 1) communication and HIV status disclosure properly done to the children and adolescents; HIV disclosure counseling was qualified by all participants as an important component to prevent later mental and behavioral disorders. 2) The majority (66.9 %) of the participants were being followed up in by HIV care and treatment for more than 6 years including 15.2 % who have been enrolled for more than 15 years, continuous medical and psychosocial care were qualified as important element for prevention of mental and behavior disorders. Lack of clear policy and guidelines, lack of trained and specialized staff, limited social support and insufficient skills for family members to support affected youth and adolescents are key identified weakness and threats. Finally, we come up with a model named: “Model for prevention of mental and behavioral disorders among the adolescents and youth infected by HIV”. The model proposes interventions at three levels; 1) policy and guiding documents, 2) clinical practices and 3) family and community involvement

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